How to Determine Your Skin Type

Do you have oily skin, dry skin… a combo? Understanding the difference will help you know how to improve your skincare maintenance routine.

Skin is generally classified into one of four categories: normal, oily, dry, and combination, says Susan Van Dyke, MD, a dermatologist with Van Dyke Laser and Skin Care in Paradise Valley, Arizona. However, your skin type can change as you age, and other factors like genetics and even illness can play a part. “It’s multi-factorial,” Dr. Van Dyke says.

Normal skin, which has a good balance of moisture, small pores and an even tone, is the goal of most skin care regimens. Most people have normal skin, Van Dyke says, but to maintain its good condition, it’s important to minimize its exposure to the sun. A facial sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15 is ideal for preventing wrinkles and other sun damage. Clear Essence Skin Beautifying Milk with SPF 15 and My Natural Beauty Moisturizing Lotion with SPF 15 are perfect sun protectants to keep your skin’s natural color. “Put it by your toothpaste and use it,” Van Dyke says. “It doesn’t matter if it is snowing or raining — get in that habit so you always have it on. Incidental sun exposure is what gets you.” We all age over time as well. Even normal skin types can’t beat the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles once entering mature age. Luckily Clear Essence Cosmetics specializes in the Best Anti Aging Skin Care products for African American skin types and people of color. Try our Alpha Hydroxy Line to rebuild collagen and keep skin appearing soft and youthful.  

Skin Care: Quieting Oily Skin

Oily skin is identified by an excess of oil (the technical term is sebum) on the face. Some people with oily skin begin to feel greasy only a few hours after washing. “A very oily person would feel the need to wash their face between noon and 5 p.m., because oil has built up during the day,” Van Dyke says. Oily skin can be an inherited trait, but it can also be caused by puberty, which causes oil glands to go into overdrive. You may also notice more oil on your “T-zone” because of all the oil glands in the forehead, nose, and chin.

To dry up sebum try Clear Essence Blemish Control Wash Formula which keeps pores tight and removes dirt, bacteria and oil. People with oily skin generally don’t need a regular moisturizer, but sunscreen is still necessary to reduce exposure to UV rays. Clear Essence My Natural Beauty Moisturizing Lotion with SPF 15 should be applied daily to keep skin protected from the sun.

Skin Care: Soothing Dry Skin

Dry skin, on the other hand, suffers from a lack of natural moisture — there’s little oil to act as a surface barrier and lock in moisture. People with dry skin feel a tightness about their face, and their skin is often irritated. Flaking is another symptom, but it’s not always a sure sign of dry skin. “You can have flaky skin and not be dry,” Van Dyke says. Sometimes, severely dry skin can become itchy and painful, leading to a condition called eczema.

To care for dry skin, use a gentle, soap-free cleanser, such as Clear Essence Blemish Control Wash Formula and moisturize adequately. Clear Essence Skin Beautifying Milk is the perfect smoothing cream to achieve a fresh, even and hydrated skin tone. A second application of moisturizer may be needed during the day, Van Dyke adds.

Skin Care: Balancing Combination Skin

Combination skin is a blend of both oily and dry skin. People with combination skin usually find that their oily skin is concentrated in the T-zone, while their cheeks remain dry. Combination skin can be influenced by genetics and, again, by puberty, when oil glands increase their production of sebum. Sometimes a variety of products are needed to treat combination skin. “You may have to treat different parts of the face slightly differently,” Van Dyke says. For example, a mild cleanser, such as Clear Essence Complexion Soap with AHA, and moisturizer, Clear Essence Skin Beautifying Milk, may be needed on the cheeks, while an anti-acne product with salicylic acid, Clear Essence Blemish Control Wash Formula, might be necessary on the T-zone.

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